Voting for 2016 State Assembly Elections is over and exit polls’ results have been already released. Most of the states saw high voter turn out in these assembly elections. The tenure of the state legislative assembly of West Bengal, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Assam are about to expire during this year. While results for 2016 State Assembly Elections will be anounced on May 19; let’s have a look at the political scenario and major issues of these states.

Sr No. State Seats Present Ruling Party Present Chief Minister
1 Tamil Nadu 234 AIADMK Jayalalitha
2 West Bengal 294 AITMC Mamata Banerjee
3 Puducherry 30 AINRC N. Rangaswamy
4 Kerala 140 INC Oommen Chandy
5 Assam 126 INC Tarun Gogoi

According to exit polls, after these assembly elections, Mamata Banerjee is going to be chief minister of West Bengal once more, Left will win Kerala again, the DMK will sweep Puducherry, BJP will rule Assam and Tamil Nadu will keep everyone in suspense until May 19.

Now let’s focus on the prominent issues of the states that will play a major role in deciding the victory of any political party in 2016 State Assembly Elections.

West Bengal:

West Bengal has always been a land of great poets like Rabindra Nath Tagore, patriots like Neta Ji Subhash Chandra Bose, artists and great scholars. It is considered a pool of talent. However, for the last few decades, it has become a land of disputes and Naxalites.

While Mamata Banerjee had promised to bring a change and development in the state; there were several scams, crimes and no development during the tenure of Didi as Chief Minister. However, during the five year rule of TMC, urban population, were in general unhappy with the changes made by the Mamata Banerjee government and it was severely criticised for its schemes. Several newspapers also reported that CM Banerjee has been only trying to focus more on Muslim minority votes.

Prior to the West Bengal elections, on 3 January 2016, a Muslim mob had turned violent and vandalized Kaliachak Police station, block development office and public property in Malda District. Mamata Banerjee’s government was criticised for not handling the situation better. During her entire rule, there was unrest, social insecurity throughout the state and no industrial development according to records and newspapers.

Tamil Nadu:

Corruption is one of the major issues in Tamil Nadu, which has also been the national issue during the entire tenure of Congress. Mal-nutrition, food security and poverty are other major issues in the state. Sri Lankan Tamils issue is also one of the most prominent issues.

Voters here are innocent, simple and almost mesmirised by actors and super stars. People of Tamil Nadu are welcoming, talented and law abiding. These voters need to show their power of unity and vote for the change and development of their state.

The tenure of 14th assembly of Tamil Nadu is going to end on 22 May 2016. There are over 5.79 crore voters in the electoral rolls and 65,616 polling stations in TN.


The tenure of Assam assembly ends on June 5, 2016.

Unemployment, faulty education system, illegal immigration from Bangladesh, crime, riots, corruption and unrest are some of the major problems of Assam.

Agriculture makes the highest contribution to its domestic sectors and there is a need to pay more attention towards its development by the state government.


The tenure of Legislative Assembly is going to end on May 31, 2016. There are approximately 2.60 crore voters for Assembly election 2016.

Kerala is one of the most prominent tourist destination of India with beaches, backwaters, tropical greenery and Ayurvedic tourism. Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate; highest Human Development Index (HDI); highest literacy rate; the highest life expectancy; and the highest sex ratio in India. It’s development model has been widely praised.

Palmolein Import Scam occurred during 1991–92 and Kerala solar panel scam 2013 are the some of allegations on CM Oommen Chandy.

Liquor policy is another issue in the state. Some tribes in Kerala have been brought to the mainstream while most of them are still struggling for development and education.


Although Puducherry is a calm and peaceful tourist destination and a Union Territory, politics here is no different from the politics of other southern states. Stability of leadership, Statehood and Minority Reservation are among some major issues of the state.

The Union territory has the highest suicide rate in India. Alcoholism, employment and development are some other most prominent issues of the territory.